Chapter 33 - Commercial whaling

Title

Chapter 33 - Commercial whaling

Creator

Thewissen JGM; George JC

Publisher

The Bowhead Whale

Date

2021
2021-01-01

Description

The commercial hunt of the four stocks of bowhead whales by the nations of Europe and North America commenced in 1540 and came to an effective end at the start of World War I. At that time, all four stocks had been driven to near extinction. Whalers from many nations were involved, but the most important ones were those from Basque Country, the Netherlands, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States. The Spitsbergen stock was the first to be depleted, followed by the West Greenland–East Canada stock (including whaling efforts in Hudson Bay and Strait of Belle Isle) and, finally, the Okhotsk and Bering–Chukchi–Beaufort stocks. Competition with other products (e.g., gaslight and petroleum), political factors (e.g., US Civil War), and changes in demands (e.g., women’s fashion) caused a waxing and waning of the whaling industry, but the decrease in yield eventually stopped the hunt. Native peoples across the circumpolar Arctic suffered greatly even though commercial whalers sometimes had good relations with native people they encountered. Despite any possible good intentions, the end result was, on balance, negative and led to major changes in the indigenous cultures it affected.

Subject

United States; Bowhead whale; Balaena mysticetus; Germany; Basques; Britain; the Netherlands; whaling; Yankee

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Pages

537-547

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology

Update Year & Number

January 2021 List

Citation

Thewissen JGM; George JC, “Chapter 33 - Commercial whaling,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11548.

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