Nomifensine alters sex differences in striatal dopaminergic function.

Title

Nomifensine alters sex differences in striatal dopaminergic function.

Creator

Poth Luke S; O'Connell Bryan P; McDermott Janet L; Dluzen Dean E

Publisher

Synapse (New York, N.Y.)

Date

2012
2012-08

Description

A series of three experiments are presented in which the acute effects of the catecholamine reuptake inhibitor, nomifensine, upon striatal dopaminergic function are compared in female and male mice. In Experiment 1, treatment with nomifensine (5 mg kg(-)(1)), at 30 min prior to injection of methamphetamine (40 mg kg(-)(1)) significantly decreased the amount of striatal dopamine depletion in male, but not female, mice, thereby abolishing the sex difference in methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity (males \textgreater females). In Experiment 2, the methamphetamine-evoked sex differences in dopamine and DOPAC output from superfused striatal tissue (males \textgreater females) were abolished in mice treated with nomifensine at 30 min prior to tissue removal. In Experiment 3, the potassium chloride-evoked sex differences in dopamine and DOPAC output from superfused striatal tissue (females \textgreater males) were reversed in mice treated with nomifensine at 30 min prior to tissue removal. Taken together these results demonstrate the critical role played by catecholamine transporters in sex differences of dopaminergic function and suggest that this may involve the dopamine transporter, due to its high concentrations within the striatum. Such findings highlight the need for gender-specific considerations in use of treatments that target reuptake transporters function.

Subject

*Sex Characteristics; 3; 4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid/metabolism; Animals; Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/drug effects/metabolism; Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/*pharmacology; Dopamine/*metabolism; Female; Inbred Strains; Male; Methamphetamine/pharmacology; Mice; Neostriatum/drug effects/metabolism; Nomifensine/*pharmacology

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

686–693

Issue

8

Volume

66

Citation

Poth Luke S; O'Connell Bryan P; McDermott Janet L; Dluzen Dean E, “Nomifensine alters sex differences in striatal dopaminergic function.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3091.

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