Recognition and management of obesity in a family practice setting.

Title

Recognition and management of obesity in a family practice setting.

Creator

Logue EE; Gilchrist V; Bourguet C C; Bartos P

Publisher

The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

Date

1993
1993-10

Description

BACKGROUND: Research on the diagnosis and management of obesity in primary care is limited. Our study goals were to describe the rate of obesity in a primary care setting, to identify factors associated with clinically recognized obesity, and to ascertain the level of diet and exercise counseling for obesity. METHODS: Medical records from a private group practice were used for a historical cohort study of 276 patients (aged 40 years and older) who were provided care for a maximum 4.5-year follow-up period. RESULTS: Forty-six percent of the study patients (95 percent confidence interval = 0.43, 0.49) received an obesity diagnosis according to medical record notations. The diagnosis of obesity, in turn, was predicted by body mass index (BMI) quartile (P \textless 0.001) and a positive family history of cardiovascular disease (P \textless 0.01). Those patients with a diagnosis of obesity had a higher mean level of subsequent weight and diet counseling (P = 0.0001) but the same level (P = 0.11) of exercise counseling as nonobese patients. Weight and diet counseling was also predicted by diabetes (P = 0.0001) and hypercholesterolemia (P = 0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical recognition of obesity was not determined by BMI alone. Although weight and diet counseling was initiated for those individuals described as obese, there was a relatively low level of exercise counseling among these patients. Additional research could provide ways of reducing both physician and patient barriers to exercise counseling.

Subject

Adult; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Regression Analysis; Aged; Cohort Studies; Risk Factors; Body Mass Index; Diet; Exercise; Patient Education as Topic; Family Practice; Obesity/*diagnosis/therapy

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

457–463

Issue

5

Volume

6

Citation

Logue EE; Gilchrist V; Bourguet C C; Bartos P, “Recognition and management of obesity in a family practice setting.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5521.

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