Cholinergic cells in the tegmentum send branching projections to the inferior colliculus and the medial geniculate body.

Title

Cholinergic cells in the tegmentum send branching projections to the inferior colliculus and the medial geniculate body.

Creator

Motts S D; Schofield B R

Publisher

Neuroscience

Date

2011
2011-04

Description

The pontomesencephalic tegmentum (PMT) provides cholinergic input to the inferior colliculus (IC) and the medial geniculate body (MG). PMT cells are often characterized as projecting to more than one target. The purpose of this study was to determine whether individual PMT cholinergic cells, (1) innervate the auditory pathways bilaterally via collateral projections to left and right auditory thalamus; or, (2) innervate multiple levels of the auditory pathways via collateral projections to the auditory thalamus and inferior colliculus. We used multiple retrograde tracers to identify individual PMT cells that project to more than one target. We combined the retrograde tracer studies with immunohistochemistry for choline acetyltransferase to determine whether the projecting cells were cholinergic. We found that individual PMT cells send branching axonal projections to two or more auditory targets in the midbrain and thalamus. The collateral projection pattern that we observed most frequently was to the ipsilateral IC and ipsilateral MG. Cells projecting to both MGs were somewhat less common, followed by cells projecting to the contralateral IC and ipsilateral MG. Both cholinergic and non-cholinergic cells contribute to each of these projection patterns. Less often, we found cells that project to one IC and both MGs; there was no evidence for non-cholinergic cells in this projection pattern. It is likely that collateral projections from PMT cells could have coordinated effects bilaterally and at multiple levels of the ascending auditory pathways.

Subject

Acetylcholine/metabolism; Animals; Auditory Pathways/*cytology; Female; Geniculate Bodies/*cytology; Guinea Pigs; Immunohistochemistry; Inferior Colliculi/*cytology; Male; Neurons/*cytology/metabolism; Tegmentum Mesencephali/*cytology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

120–130

Volume

179

Citation

Motts S D; Schofield B R, “Cholinergic cells in the tegmentum send branching projections to the inferior colliculus and the medial geniculate body.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 26, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3742.

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