Sexual dimorphism in prostanoid-potentiated vascular contraction: roles of endothelium and ovarian steroids.

Title

Sexual dimorphism in prostanoid-potentiated vascular contraction: roles of endothelium and ovarian steroids.

Creator

Fulton Clifford T; Stallone John N

Publisher

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

Date

2002
2002-11

Description

The effects of constrictor prostanoid (CP) pathway inhibitors on vascular reactivity to vasopressin (VP) and phenylephrine (PE) were examined in thoracic aortas of male, female, and ovariectomized (OVX) female Sprague-Dawley rats. Maximal contractile response of control (Cont) aortas to VP was markedly higher in females (3,885 +/- 332 mg/mg ring wt) than in males (810 +/- 148 mg). Indomethacin (Indo; 10 microM) attenuated maximal response to VP in females (3,043 +/- 277 mg) but not in males. SQ-29,548 (SQ; 1 microM) attenuated maximal response to VP in females (3,042 +/- 290 mg) to a similar extent as Indo. Dazoxiben (Daz; 10 microM) alone had no effect, but Daz + SQ attenuated maximal contractile response to VP to a similar extent as SQ alone. Removal of the endothelium in female aortas attenuated contractile responses to VP in Cont aortas. OVX attenuated maximal contractile response to VP in Cont aortas (2,093 +/- 329 mg) and abolished the attenuating effects of Indo. Indo, SQ, and Daz exerted identical effects on contractile responses of male, female, and OVX female aortas to PE. These findings establish the following in the rat aorta: 1) CP, probably thromboxane and/or endoperoxide, is responsible for approximately

Subject

*Sex Characteristics; Animals; Aorta/drug effects/physiology; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology; Endothelium; Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology; Estrogens/*physiology; Fatty Acids; Female; Heterocyclic; Hydrazines/pharmacology; Imidazoles/pharmacology; Indomethacin/pharmacology; Male; Ovariectomy; Phenylephrine/pharmacology; Progesterone/*physiology; Prostaglandins/*metabolism; Rats; Sprague-Dawley; Thromboxanes/metabolism; Unsaturated; Vascular/*metabolism; Vasoconstriction/drug effects/*physiology; Vasoconstrictor Agents/pharmacology; Vasopressins/pharmacology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

H2062–2073

Issue

5

Volume

283

Citation

Fulton Clifford T; Stallone John N, “Sexual dimorphism in prostanoid-potentiated vascular contraction: roles of endothelium and ovarian steroids.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4595.

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