Endothelin-mediated in vivo pressor responses following TRPV1 activation.

Title

Endothelin-mediated in vivo pressor responses following TRPV1 activation.

Creator

Ohanyan Vahagn A; Guarini Giacinta; Thodeti Charles K; Talasila Phani K; Raman Priya; Haney Rebecca M; Meszaros J Gary; Damron Derek S; Bratz Ian N

Publisher

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

Date

2011
2011-09

Description

Transient receptor potential vanilliod 1 (TRPV1) channels have recently been postulated to play a role in the vascular complications/consequences associated with diabetes despite the fact that the mechanisms through which TRPV1 regulates vascular function are not fully known. Accordingly, our goal was to define the mechanisms by which TRPV1 channels modulate vascular function and contribute to vascular dysfunction in diabetes. We subjected mice lacking TRPV1 [TRPV1((-/-))], db/db, and control C57BLKS/J mice to in vivo infusion of the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin or the alpha-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine (PE) to examine the integrated circulatory actions of TRPV1. Capsaicin (1, 10, 20, and 100 mug/kg) dose dependently increased MAP in control mice (5.7 +/- 1.6, 11.7 +/- 2.1, 25.4 +/- 3.4, and 51.6 +/- 3.9%), which was attenuated in db/db mice (3.4 +/- 2.1, 3.9 +/- 2.1, 7.0 +/- 3.3, and 17.9 +/- 6.2%). TRPV1((-/-)) mice exhibited no changes in MAP in response to capsaicin, suggesting the actions of this agonist are specific to TRPV1 activation. Immunoblot analysis revealed decreased aortic TRPV1 protein expression in db/db compared with control mice. Capsaicin-induced responses were recorded following inhibition of endothelin A and B receptors (ET(A) /ET(B)). Inhibition of ET(A) receptors abolished the capsaicin-mediated increases in MAP. Combined antagonism of ET(A) and ET(B) receptors did not further inhibit the capsaicin response. Cultured endothelial cell exposure to capsaicin increased endothelin production as shown by an endothelin ELISA assay, which was attenuated by inhibition of TRPV1 or endothelin-converting enzyme. TRPV1 channels contribute to the regulation of vascular reactivity and MAP via production of endothelin and subsequent activation of vascular ET(A) receptors. Impairment of TRPV1 channel function may contribute to vascular dysfunction in diabetes.

Subject

*Blood Pressure/drug effects; *Vasoconstriction/drug effects; Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/administration & dosage; Analysis of Variance; Animal; Animals; Azepines/administration & dosage; Biphenyl Compounds/administration & dosage; Capsaicin/administration & dosage; Cells; Cultured; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetic Angiopathies/genetics/*metabolism/physiopathology; Dipeptides/administration & dosage; Disease Models; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Endothelial Cells/metabolism; Endothelin A Receptor Antagonists; Endothelin A/metabolism; Endothelin B Receptor Antagonists; Endothelin B/metabolism; Endothelin-1/*metabolism; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Femoral Artery/drug effects/*metabolism/physiopathology; Inbred C57BL; Indoles/administration & dosage; Infusions; Intravenous; Knockout; Male; Mice; Phenylephrine/administration & dosage; Receptor; TRPV Cation Channels/agonists/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism; Type 2/genetics/*metabolism/physiopathology; Vasoconstrictor Agents/administration & dosage

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

H1135–1142

Issue

3

Volume

301

Citation

Ohanyan Vahagn A; Guarini Giacinta; Thodeti Charles K; Talasila Phani K; Raman Priya; Haney Rebecca M; Meszaros J Gary; Damron Derek S; Bratz Ian N, “Endothelin-mediated in vivo pressor responses following TRPV1 activation.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4594.

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