Treatment of asymptomatic hyperuricemia and prevention of vascular disease: a decision analytic approach.

Title

Treatment of asymptomatic hyperuricemia and prevention of vascular disease: a decision analytic approach.

Creator

Akkineni Roopa; Tapp Stephanie; Tosteson Anna N A; Lee Alexandra; Miller Katherine L; Choi Hyon K; Zhu Yanyan; Albert Daniel A

Publisher

The Journal of rheumatology

Date

2014
2014-04

Description

OBJECTIVE: Elevated serum urate may be associated with an increase in cardiovascular (CV) disease. Treating asymptomatic hyperuricemia with urate-lowering drugs such as allopurinol may reduce CV events. We designed a model to simulate the effect of allopurinol treatment on reducing frequency of CV events in individuals with elevated serum urate. METHODS: A Markov state-transition model was constructed to assess occurrence of vascular events (VE) for 2 treatment strategies: treat all asymptomatic individuals with allopurinol (Treat All) and treat only if symptomatic (Treat Symptomatic). The model simulated a hypothetical cohort of 50-year-old men with different serum urate concentrations (6-6.9 and 7-7.9 mg/dl) followed over 20 years. Age and sex subgroups were analyzed. Model inputs were derived from current literature. The main outcome measures were mean number of VE and mean number of deaths from VE. RESULTS: For 50-year-old men with serum urate 6.0-6.9 mg/dl, individuals in the Treat All strategy have a 30% reduction in the mean number of VE compared to those in the Treat Symptomatic strategy (mean VE: 0.078 vs 0.11), and a 39% reduction in mean number of deaths from VE. At higher serum urate concentrations, treatment is more effective in reducing the mean number of VE and mean number of deaths from VE (38% event, 54% death). Results for women show similar trends. As the cohort ages, treatment has less effect on reducing VE. The number needed to treat to prevent 1 event is 20 (men, 7.0-7.9 mg/dl). CONCLUSION: The model predicts that treating asymptomatic hyperuricemia with allopurinol is most effective in preventing VE at a serum urate above 7.0 mg/dl in men and 5.0 mg/dl in women.

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Aged; Follow-Up Studies; Treatment Outcome; Severity of Illness Index; Prospective Studies; Sex Factors; Risk Assessment; Decision Support Techniques; Probability; Human; Middle Age; *Markov Chains; Allopurinol/*therapeutic use; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE; DECISION ANALYSIS; Gout Suppressants/*therapeutic use; HYPERURICEMIA; Hyperuricemia/complications/*diagnosis/*drug therapy; Uric Acid/blood; Vascular Diseases/etiology/*prevention & control; Treatment Outcomes; Severity of Illness Indices; Gout Suppressants – Therapeutic Use; Allopurinol – Therapeutic Use; Hyperuricemia – Complications; Hyperuricemia – Diagnosis; Hyperuricemia – Drug Therapy; Uric Acid – Blood; Vascular Diseases – Etiology; Vascular Diseases – Prevention and Control

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

739–748

Issue

4

Volume

41

Citation

Akkineni Roopa; Tapp Stephanie; Tosteson Anna N A; Lee Alexandra; Miller Katherine L; Choi Hyon K; Zhu Yanyan; Albert Daniel A, “Treatment of asymptomatic hyperuricemia and prevention of vascular disease: a decision analytic approach.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 4, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5186.

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