Metabotropic glutamate and GABA receptors modulate cellular excitability and glutamatergic transmission in chicken cochlear nucleus angularis neurons.

Title

Metabotropic glutamate and GABA receptors modulate cellular excitability and glutamatergic transmission in chicken cochlear nucleus angularis neurons.

Creator

Shi Wei; Lu Yong

Publisher

Hearing research

Date

2017
2017-03

Description

Neurons in the avian cochlear nucleus angularis (NA) receive glutamatergic input from the auditory nerve, and GABAergic input from the superior olivary nucleus. Physiologically heterogeneous, NA neurons perform multiple functions including encoding sound intensity information. Using in vitro whole-cell patch recordings from acute brain slices and immunohistochemistry staining, we investigated neuromodulation mediated by metabotropic glutamate and GABA receptors (mGluRs and GABABRs) in NA neurons. Based on their intrinsic firing patterns in response to somatic current injections, NA neurons were classified into onset, damped, and tonic cells. Pharmacological activation of group II mGluRs, group III mGluRs, and GABABRs, by their respective agonists, suppressed the cellular excitability of non-onset firing NA neurons. Each of these agonists inhibited the glutamatergic transmission in NA neurons, in a cell type-independent manner. The frequency but not the amplitude of spontaneous release of glutamate was reduced by each of these agonists, suggesting that the modulation of the glutamatergic transmission was via presynaptic actions. Interestingly, activation of group I mGluRs increased cellular excitability and suppressed glutamatergic transmission in non-onset neurons. These results elaborate that auditory processing in NA neurons is subject to neuromodulation mediated by metabotropic receptors activated by native neurotransmitters released at NA.

Subject

*Cellular excitability; *GABA(B)R; *mGluR; *Neuromodulation; *Nucleus angularis; *Synaptic transmission; Action Potentials/drug effects; Animals; Chick Embryo; Cochlear Nucleus/cytology/*physiology; Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials/drug effects; GABA-B Receptor Agonists/pharmacology; GABA-B/*physiology; Glutamic Acid/*physiology; Metabotropic Glutamate/agonists/classification/*physiology; Neurons/drug effects/physiology; Patch-Clamp Techniques; Receptors; Synaptic Transmission/drug effects

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

14–24

Volume

346

Citation

Shi Wei; Lu Yong, “Metabotropic glutamate and GABA receptors modulate cellular excitability and glutamatergic transmission in chicken cochlear nucleus angularis neurons.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3585.

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