Chemopreventive doses of resveratrol do not produce cardiotoxicity in a rodent model of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Title

Chemopreventive doses of resveratrol do not produce cardiotoxicity in a rodent model of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Creator

Luther Daniel J; Ohanyan Vahagn; Shamhart Patricia E; Hodnichak Cheryl M; Sisakian Hamayak; Booth Tristan D; Meszaros J Gary; Bishayee Anupam

Publisher

Investigational new drugs

Date

2011
2011-04

Description

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most lethal cancers, results in more than one million fatalities worldwide every year. In view of the limited therapeutic alternatives and poor prognosis of liver cancer, preventive control approaches, notably chemoprevention, have been considered to be the best strategy in lowering the present prevalence of the disease. Resveratrol, a naturally occurring antioxidant and antiinflammatory agent found in grapes and red wine, inhibits carcinogenesis with a pleiotropic mode of action. Recently, we have reported that dietary resveratrol significantly prevents chemically-induced liver tumorigenesis in rats. One of the mechanisms of resveratrol-mediated chemoprevention of hepatocarcinogenesis could be related to its antiinflammatory action through hepatic cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibition. Although several COX-2 inhibitors are known to exert chemopreventive efficacy, not all are considered ideal candidates for chemoprevention due to the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Accordingly, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of resveratrol on cardiac performance during experimental hepatocarcinogenesis initiated with diethylnitrosamine and promoted by phenobarbital. Rats had free access to diet supplemented with resveratrol four weeks before the carcinogen injection and 14 weeks thereafter. The cardiotoxicity of resveratrol was assessed by monitoring the cardiac function using transthoracic echocardiography as well as Western blot analysis of cardiac tissue. Long-term dietary administration of resveratrol dose-dependently suppressed hepatic tumor multiplicity, the principal endpoint for evaluating the chemopreventive potential of a candidate agent. The chemopreventive effects of resveratrol were also reflected in histopathological assessment of hepatic tissues. Resveratrol did not exhibit any cardiotoxicity but rather improved the cardiac function in a dose-responsive fashion. Our results indicate that resveratrol-mediated chemoprevention of rat liver carcinogenesis is devoid of any adverse cardiovascular events. Resveratrol may be developed as a chemopreventive as well as therapeutic drug for human HCC.

Subject

*Chemoprevention; Analysis of Variance; Animal; Animal Studies; Animal/drug effects; Animals; Antioxidants; Behavior; Blotting; Carcinoma; Cardiotoxicity; Cardiotoxins/*toxicity; Chemoprevention; Data Analysis Software; Descriptive Statistics; Disease Models; Doppler; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Echocardiography; Feeding Behavior/drug effects; Female; Fisher's Exact Test; Funding Source; Heart – Drug Effects; Heart/drug effects/physiopathology; Hepatocellular – Prevention and Control; Hepatocellular/*drug therapy/pathology/physiopathology; Hepatocytes/drug effects/pathology; Humans; Liver Neoplasms/*drug therapy/pathology/physiopathology; Liver/drug effects/pathology/physiopathology; Polyphenols – Therapeutic Use; Rats; Resveratrol; Sprague-Dawley; Stilbenes/*therapeutic use; Systole/drug effects; Western

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

380–391

Issue

2

Volume

29

Citation

Luther Daniel J; Ohanyan Vahagn; Shamhart Patricia E; Hodnichak Cheryl M; Sisakian Hamayak; Booth Tristan D; Meszaros J Gary; Bishayee Anupam, “Chemopreventive doses of resveratrol do not produce cardiotoxicity in a rodent model of hepatocellular carcinoma.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3231.

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