Beta-adrenoceptor stimulation of alveolar fluid clearance is increased in rats with heart failure.

Title

Beta-adrenoceptor stimulation of alveolar fluid clearance is increased in rats with heart failure.

Creator

Maron Michael B; Luther Daniel J; Pilati Charles F; Ohanyan Vahagn; Li Tianbo; Koshy Shyny; Horne Walter I; Meszaros J Gary; Walro Jon M; Folkesson Hans G

Publisher

American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology

Date

2009
2009-09

Description

The alveolar epithelium plays a critical role in resolving pulmonary edema. We thus hypothesized that its function might be upregulated in rats with heart failure, a condition that severely challenges the lung's ability to maintain fluid balance. Heart failure was induced by left coronary artery ligation. Echocardiographic and cardiovascular hemodynamics confirmed its development at 16 wk postligation. At that time, alveolar fluid clearance was measured by an increase in protein concentration over 1 h of a 5% albumin solution instilled into the lungs. Baseline alveolar fluid clearance was similar in heart failure and age-matched control rats. Terbutaline was added to the instillate to determine whether heart failure rats responded to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation. Alveolar fluid clearance in heart failure rats was increased by 194% after terbutaline stimulation compared with a 153% increase by terbutaline in control rats. To determine the mechanisms responsible for this accelerated alveolar fluid clearance, we measured ion transporter expression (ENaC, Na-K- ATPase, CFTR). No significant upregulation was observed for these ion transporters in the heart failure rats. Lung morphology showed significant alveolar epithelial type II cell hyperplasia in heart failure rats. Thus, alveolar epithelial type II cell hyperplasia is the likely explanation for the increased terbutaline-stimulated alveolar fluid clearance in heart failure rats. These data provide evidence for previously unrecognized mechanisms that can protect against or hasten resolution of alveolar edema in heart failure.

Subject

Adrenergic; Animals; beta/*metabolism; Body Fluids/*metabolism; Epithelial Cells/drug effects/metabolism/pathology; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects; Heart Failure/blood/diagnostic imaging/*metabolism/*pathology; Hormones/blood; Hyperplasia; Ion Channels/genetics/metabolism; Male; Messenger/genetics/metabolism; Myocardial Infarction/blood/diagnostic imaging/pathology; Pulmonary Alveoli/drug effects/*pathology; Rats; Receptors; RNA; Sprague-Dawley; Terbutaline/pharmacology; Ultrasonography

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

L487–495

Issue

3

Volume

297

Citation

Maron Michael B; Luther Daniel J; Pilati Charles F; Ohanyan Vahagn; Li Tianbo; Koshy Shyny; Horne Walter I; Meszaros J Gary; Walro Jon M; Folkesson Hans G, “Beta-adrenoceptor stimulation of alveolar fluid clearance is increased in rats with heart failure.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed November 30, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4635.

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