Mitochondrial oxidative stress corrupts coronary collateral growth by activating adenosine monophosphate activated kinase-alpha signaling.

Title

Mitochondrial oxidative stress corrupts coronary collateral growth by activating adenosine monophosphate activated kinase-alpha signaling.

Creator

Pung Yuh Fen; Sam Wai Johnn; Stevanov Kelly; Enrick Molly; Chen Chwen-Lih; Kolz Christopher; Thakker Prashanth; Hardwick James P; Chen Yeong-Renn; Dyck Jason R B; Yin Liya; Chilian William M

Publisher

Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology

Date

2013
2013-08

Description

OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine the mechanism by which mitochondrial oxidative stress impairs collateral growth in the heart. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Rats were treated with rotenone (mitochondrial complex I inhibitor that increases reactive oxygen species production) or sham-treated with vehicle and subjected to repetitive ischemia protocol for 10 days to induce coronary collateral growth. In control rats, repetitive ischemia increased flow to the collateral-dependent zone; however, rotenone treatment prevented this increase suggesting that mitochondrial oxidative stress compromises coronary collateral growth. In addition, rotenone also attenuated mitochondrial complex I activity and led to excessive mitochondrial aggregation. To further understand the mechanistic pathway(s) involved, human coronary artery endothelial cells were treated with 50 ng/mL vascular endothelial growth factor, 1 micromol/L rotenone, and rotenone/vascular endothelial growth factor for 48 hours. Vascular endothelial growth factor induced robust tube formation; however, rotenone completely inhibited this effect (P\textless0.05 rotenone versus vascular endothelial growth factor treatment). Inhibition of tube formation by rotenone was also associated with significant increase in mitochondrial superoxide generation. Immunoblot analyses of human coronary artery endothelial cells with rotenone treatment showed significant activation of adenosine monophosphate activated kinase (AMPK)-alpha and inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin and p70 ribosomal S6 kinase. Activation of AMPK-alpha suggested impairments in energy production, which was reflected by decrease in O2 consumption and bioenergetic reserve capacity of cultured cells. Knockdown of AMPK-alpha (siRNA) also preserved tube formation during rotenone, suggesting the negative effects were mediated by the activation of AMPK-alpha. Conversely, expression of a constitutively active AMPK-alpha blocked tube formation. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that activation of AMPK-alpha during mitochondrial oxidative stress inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin signaling, which impairs phenotypic switching necessary for the growth of blood vessels.

Subject

AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/*metabolism; Animal; Animals; Body Weight/physiology; Cells; collateral circulation; coronary circulation; Coronary Vessels/cytology/*enzymology; Cultured; Disease Models; Endothelial Cells/cytology/*enzymology; Humans; Inbred WKY; Ischemia/metabolism/pathology; mitochondria; Mitochondria/drug effects/*metabolism; Myocardium/enzymology/pathology; Oxidative Stress/*physiology; Rats; reactive oxygen species; Rotenone/pharmacology; Signal Transduction/*physiology; TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism; Uncoupling Agents/pharmacology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1911–1919

Issue

8

Volume

33

Citation

Pung Yuh Fen; Sam Wai Johnn; Stevanov Kelly; Enrick Molly; Chen Chwen-Lih; Kolz Christopher; Thakker Prashanth; Hardwick James P; Chen Yeong-Renn; Dyck Jason R B; Yin Liya; Chilian William M, “Mitochondrial oxidative stress corrupts coronary collateral growth by activating adenosine monophosphate activated kinase-alpha signaling.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4740.

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