Browse Items (160 total)

Background: Emergency department (ED) frequent users have high resource utilization and associated costs. Many interventions have been designed to reduce utilization, but few have proved effective. This may be because this group is more heterogeneous…

OBJECTIVES: An estimated 1.2 million annual emergency department (ED) visits for syncope/near syncope occur in the United States. Cardiac biomarkers are frequently obtained during the ED evaluation, but the prognostic value of index high-sensitivity…

PURPOSE: To investigate whether clinical competency committees (CCCs) were consistent in applying milestone ratings for first-year residents over time or whether ratings increased or decreased. METHOD: Beginning in December 2013, the ACGME initiated…

The number of both print and electronic open access (OA) journals has increased dramatically. Although electronic availability of information on the Internet may offer greater potential for information sharing, it also gives rise to "predatory"…

BACKGROUND: More than 60 types of cannabinoids are found in nature; the remaining are chemically synthesized analogs of natural cannabinoids. Synthetic cannabinoids were first reported in the United States in 2008. These compounds are usually smoked…

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Many adults with syncope are hospitalized solely for observation and testing. We seek to determine whether hospitalization versus outpatient management for older adults with unexplained syncope is associated with a reduction in…

Almost 20% of patients with syncope will experience another event. It is unknown whether recurrent syncope is a marker for a higher or lower risk etiology of syncope. The goal of this study is to determine whether older adults with recurrent syncope…

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Controversy remains in regard to the risk of adverse events for patients presenting with syncope compared with near-syncope. The purpose of our study is to describe the difference in outcomes between these groups in a large…

OBJECTIVE: Compare clinical characteristics for adult visits to freestanding emergency departments (FEDs) and a hospital-based ED (HBED). METHODS: Electronic health records were collected on adult ED visits from 7/1/14 to 6/30/15 from three FEDs and…

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and educational experience provided to the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows in procedural sedation/analgesia during their course of training. METHODS: A nonanonymous survey…

The ability to secure a patient's airway is crucial in the management of acutely life-threatening illnesses and injuries. Since a number of factors can make routine endotracheal intubation difficult or impossible, critical care clinicians must be…

OBJECTIVE: To compare elder patients' and their informants' ratings of the elder's physical and mental function measured by a standard instrument, the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 (SF-12). METHODS: This was a randomized, cross-sectional study…

Dislocations of the shoulder are the most common joint dislocations seen in the emergency department, and complications of shoulder dislocations are more frequent than is generally believed. It is vital that emergency physicians have current…

The challenge for the practitioner is to balance incomplete evidence about efficacy of medications in frail older people against the problems related to adverse drug reactions without denying people potentially valuable pharmacotherapeutic…

This is a case of a 3-week-old male who presented to the emergency department with intermittent apnea and cyanosis. While in the emergency department, he had respiratory compromise with stress and required intubation. Further evaluation confirmed the…

BACKGROUND. Nonpharmacologic interventions, such as distraction, have been shown to be powerful adjuncts in reducing pain and anxiety in children with both acute and chronic painful conditions. There are no controlled studies evaluating these…

The present study tested the hypothesis that acute posttraumatic hyperarousal would lead to the development of emotional numbing (EN) symptoms in a pediatric injury population. Eighty-two youths aged 8–18 years were recruited from the emergency…

Background: The present study investigated the extent to which heart rate (HR) levels soon after a traumatic event predicted posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity assessed 6 weeks and 6 months later in child trauma victims. Methods:…

Objective To longitudinally examine the impact of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) on child adjustment following a child's traumatic injury, focusing on child gender differences. Methods Forty-one child traumatic injury victims…
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