Browse Items (160 total)

Background: The field of clinical informatics (CI), and specifically the electronic health record, has been identified as a key facilitator to achieve a sustainable evidence-based health care system for the future. International graduate medical…

Heroin-associated stroke is a rare complication of use. Various proposed mechanisms of heroin-associated ischemic stroke have been proposed, including the following: cardioembolism in the setting of infective endocarditis, hypoxic ischemic brain…

Refractory ventricular fibrillation occurs when there are three or more episodes of ventricular fibrillation within a 24-hour period. We report the first case of a 35-year-old woman without prior medical or family cardiac history who sustained…

Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a very serious and life threatening emergency. FG is a polymicrobial subset of necrotizing fasciitis affecting the genital region. Most cases have a perianal or colorectal focus; less often the gangrene originates from the…

OBJECTIVE: Compare clinical characteristics for adult visits to freestanding emergency departments (FEDs) and a hospital-based ED (HBED). METHODS: Electronic health records were collected on adult ED visits from 7/1/14 to 6/30/15 from three FEDs and…

Almost 20% of patients with syncope will experience another event. It is unknown whether recurrent syncope is a marker for a higher or lower risk etiology of syncope. The goal of this study is to determine whether older adults with recurrent syncope…

Sarcoidosis is a disease that causes noncaseating granulomas in tissues such as the lungs, heart, skin, and eyes. Sarcoidosis is often found through chest x-ray or lesions in the skin and eyes. In over half of patients the disease is detected…

Dysphagia lusoria is a rare disease due to an aberrant right subclavian artery that passes posteriorly between the esophagus and the spine. David Bayford coined the term itself meaning "freak or jest of nature" in 1761 describing a case in which the…

The challenge for the practitioner is to balance incomplete evidence about efficacy of medications in frail older people against the problems related to adverse drug reactions without denying people potentially valuable pharmacotherapeutic…

This article provides an overview of health promotion and disease and injury prevention concepts. It provides an emergency medicine perspective and reviews approaches that can be used in the emergency department. It discusses examples of innovative…

BACKGROUND: Version 1 (V1) of the National Emergency Medicine Fourth-year Student (EM M4) Examination was released in 2011 and revised along with release of V2 in 2012. Each examination contains 50 multiple-choice questions designed to assess…

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate paramedics' ability to identify elderly at risk and refer them for assessment and service. DESIGN: A prospective nonrandomized open trial. SETTING: Akron, Ohio, a midsize city with a well-developed advanced life support…

Airway control is one of the most critical interventions required for saving a life. It is essential that practitioners be as well trained as possible in the numerous techniques available to establish airway control. This article reviews some of the…

Statistics tell us that as many as 1 in 20 members of the population will suffer a seizure at some point in their lifetime, a figure which becomes even more likely if one lives to the age of 80. Thus, a careful evidence based approach to the patient…

The purpose of this investigation was to document the clinical presentation of emergency department (ED) patients who tested positive for concurrent cocaine (COC) and ethanol (EtOH) use and the incidence of cocaethylene (CE) formation in this study…

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