Browse Items (521 total)

Swallowing is complex at anatomical, functional, and neurological levels. The connections among these levels are poorly understood, yet they underpin mechanisms of swallowing pathology. The complexity of swallowing physiology means that multiple…

Objective. To examine and compare the prevalence of mental health problems, help-seeking attitudes, and perceptions about mental health problems among US pharmacy and medical students. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using existing,…

BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture is a common complication of breast augmentation surgery and many techniques to prevent and to treat capsular contracture have been suggested with inconsistent or variably effective results. OBJECTIVES: The authors…

BACKGROUND: This systematic review provides practicing emergency physicians updated information regarding the role of oral and intravenous contrast in the computed tomography (CT) evaluation of acute appendicitis. METHODS: A PubMed literature search…

INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists are underused in the care of chronic disease. The primary objectives of this project were to 1) describe the factors that influence initiation of and sustainability for pharmacist-provided medication therapy management (MTM)…

The external acoustic meatus (EAM) of most baleen whales accumulates cellular debris annually in the lumen as whales age, forming a lamellated ear plug. The bowhead whale ear plug is formed from annually molting lining of the EAM as the entire…

Background: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) causes end stage renal disease (ESRD) in significant proportion of patients worldwide. Primary FSGS carries poor prognosis and management of FSGS patients, refractory to standard treatments or…

Previous descriptive work on deciduous dentition of primates has focused disproportionately on great apes and humans. To address this bias in the literature, we studied 131 subadult nonhominoid specimens (including 110 newborns) describing deciduous…

Excessive alcohol (ethanol) consumption negatively impacts social, emotional, as well as cognitive function and well-being. Thus, identifying behavioral and/or biological predictors of excessive ethanol consumption is important for developing…

Pectoral and pelvic girdle rotations play a substantial role in enhancing stride length across diverse tetrapod lineages. However, the pectoral and pelvic girdle attach the limbs to the body in different ways and may exhibit dissimilar functions,…

BACKGROUND: In the treatment of spinal metastases the risks of surgery must be balanced against potential benefits, particularly in light of limited life-expectancy. Patient experiences and preferences regarding decision-making in this context are…

Glaucoma secondary to ocular inflammation is potentially blinding and requires aggressive multifaceted management. The pathogenesis is related to the intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation secondary to compromised aqueous humor outflow by inflammatory…

Introduction: Aprepitant (Emend®) is a novel antiemetic agent that works through antagonism of neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptors. To date, there are limited data regarding its use to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children. We…

In recent decades, targeted drug delivery systems (TDDS) have been widely used as an ideal method of improving therapeutic effects and reducing systemic side effects of chemotherapeutic agents. Historically, a handful of methods have been developed…

BACKGROUND: Dermatologists play an important role in diagnosing and managing hospitalized patients with cutaneous abnormalities. Skin biopsies remain an indispensable tool for aiding dermatologists in accurate diagnosis and treatment. We aimed to…

The overrepresentation of people with serious mental illness in the criminal justice system is a complex problem. A long-standing explanation for this phenomenon, the criminalization hypothesis, posits that policy changes that shifted the care of…

OBJECTIVES: There are conflicting results in the literature on the use of shear wave elastography of the kidney parenchyma to determine whether renal stiffness values are related to a disease process. This study was conducted to evaluate the raw data…

A fluid-filled sac in the ovarian tissue. The cyst may be unilocular or multilocular. The causes may be physiologic, infectious, benign neoplastic, malignant neoplastic, or metastatic. The most important step in management is assessing the risk of…

Purpose of Review: Within the last two decades, the application of biologic medications for rheumatic diseases has greatly expanded. Therefore, it is important for clinicians to be knowledgeable about potential adverse reactions of this medication…

A young female with pulmonary congestion suspected to be secondary to mitral valve disease with left atrial appendage thrombus was given therapy for heart failure and anticoagulation. Subsequent multimodality imaging with echocardiography and…

The American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) gathers extensive background information on emergency medicine-sponsored residency and fellowship programs, residents and fellows training in those programs, and all fellows for whom ABEM issues…

Introduction Radical nephrectomy with removal of tumor thrombus is considered the standard of care in patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Surgical resection usually consists of nephrectomy and thrombectomy; however, ligation of…
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