Browse Items (521 total)

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) diagnostic accuracy for blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries (BBMI) is controversial. DATA SOURCES: A literature review to compute aggregate CT performance and individual CT sign sensitivity, specificity, and…

A 24-year-old woman developed encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, hearing loss, and had "snowball" lesions in the corpus callosum, classic findings of Susac syndrome (SuS). Despite intensive immunosuppressive therapy, she lapsed into a…

Susac syndrome is a rare, immune-mediated disease characterized by encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and hearing loss. Herein, we describe the electron microscopic findings of three brain biopsies and two brain autopsies performed on…

Introduction: The use of an electrocautery device (monopolar loop) for patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) is standard of care. The aim of this study is to establish non-inferiority of complication rates for a…

Objective: Cytokine expression is tightly regulated posttranscriptionally, but high levels of interleukin‐6 (IL‐6) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) indicate that regulatory mechanisms are disrupted in this disorder. The enzyme ZCCHC6 (zinc‐finger…

In the case scenario, RJ is a resettled refugee teenager who presents to his physician with vitamin B12 deficiency, anemia, and symptoms of mental illness. This commentary considers social determinants of refugee health and the moral importance of…

The article offers information on social justice within clinical ethics training. Topics discussed include with a more deliberative effort toward a deeper understanding of justice as it relates to care, efficiency, and public health; mentions no…

Background: While academic detailing seems to be the most promising intervention to improve prescribing patterns, implementation could be challenging for small community practices. Objective: A pharmacy-led, interactive, and tailored small-group…

BACKGROUND: Despite an aging population and increasing number of geriatric trauma patients annually, gaps in our understanding of best practices for geriatric trauma patients persist. We know that trauma center care improves outcomes for injured…

Pseudoaneurysms and patch infections are known complications of carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty. Although they are rare occurrences, they carry high morbidity and almost uniformly require surgical intervention. Infectious pathogens are…

Pseudoaneurysms and patch infections are known complications of carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty. Although they are rare occurrences, they carry high morbidity and almost uniformly require surgical intervention. Infectious pathogens are…

The number of both print and electronic open access (OA) journals has increased dramatically. Although electronic availability of information on the Internet may offer greater potential for information sharing, it also gives rise to "predatory"…

Objective Strain ratio (SR) is a semiquantitative parameter in differentiating benign from malignant tumors in breast ultrasound elastography. Currently, SR is computed manually and, thus, user dependent. The objective of this study was to evaluate…

Breast elastography has been available for more than 15 years but is not widely incorporated into clinical practice. Many publications report extremely high accuracy for various breast elastographic techniques. However, results in the literature are…

OBJECTIVES: There are conflicting results in the literature on the use of shear wave elastography of the kidney parenchyma to determine whether renal stiffness values are related to a disease process. This study was conducted to evaluate the raw data…

There are 3 methods of interpreting breast strain elastography: the elastographic-to-B-mode length ratio (E/B), a 5-point color scale (5P), and the strain ratio (SR). This meta-analysis assessed which method is superior to the others. A systematic…

OBJECTIVES: There is a significant learning curve in strain elastography. Uniform appropriate levels of stress must be applied for accurate elastograms. If the stress is not applied appropriately, inaccurate results will be obtained, particularly…

Both strain elastography and shear wave elastography have been shown to have high sensitivity and specificity for characterizing breast lesions as benign or malignant. Training is important for both strain and shear wave elastography. The unique…

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Controversy remains in regard to the risk of adverse events for patients presenting with syncope compared with near-syncope. The purpose of our study is to describe the difference in outcomes between these groups in a large…

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global threat worldwide, with deaths associated with AMR infections projected to exceed 10 million per year by the year 2050. The overuse and misuse of antibiotics is the primary driver of this…

Background Although stress-echo (SE), nuclear myocardial stress perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary arteriography are used to detect atherosclerosis, they are not well suited for diagnosing inflammatory heart disease. Cardiac MRI (CMR) is uniquely…

Exercise-induced dyspnea in children and adolescents can occur for many reasons. Although asthma is the common cause, failure to prevent exercise-induced asthma by pretreatment with a bronchodilator, such as albuterol, indicates that other etiologies…

Hyperkalemia, a potential life threating condition, is a commonly encountered problem in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Patiromer acetate, a nonabsorbable cation exchange polymer, is a gastrointestinal agent for chronic therapy in patients…

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, impact, and predictors of opioid use disorder (OUD) in hospitalized chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Inpatient Sample …

Meeting abstract D99 presented at the 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting of the American-Geriatrics-Society (AGS)
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