Browse Items (53 total)

The morbidity and mortality of adult and pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) populations are mainly driven by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Improving CVD outcomes focuses on risk assessment of factors including…

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is considered the most appropriate initial imaging study in the evaluation of acute appendicitis in children but has recently come under criticism with reports of low specificity and high indeterminate study rates,…

Purpose. To determine whether treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency (CI) has an effect on Academic Behavior Survey (ABS) scores. Methods. The ABS is a six-item survey developed by the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Group that…

Objectives: Pyomyositis is an acute bacterial infection of skeletal muscle not arising from contiguous infection. It is often hematogenous in origin and typically associated with abscess formation. Our objective was to determine if there were any…

Introduction: Despite appendicitis being one of the most common surgical emergencies in the pediatric population, there is still a great deal of debate among pediatric surgeons regarding the workup and treatment. Materials and Methods: In an…

Objective: Prior research has suggested that posttraumatic stress symptoms may occur in the context of medical events. Further, these symptoms are often comorbid with conditions associated with pain. Therefore, the current study examined the…

Several guidelines have indicated that liver stiffness (LS) assessed by means of shear wave elastography (SWE) can safely replace liver biopsy in several clinical scenarios, particularly in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. However, an increase…

In adults with chronic liver diseases, ultrasound and magnetic resonance shear wave elastography (SWE) can replace liver biopsy in several clinical scenarios. Several guidelines on the use of ultrasound SWE for the adult population have been…

The ability to detect a silent gap within a sound is critical for accurate speech perception, and gap detection has been shown to have an extended developmental trajectory. In certain conditions, the detectability of the gap decreases as the gap is…

Cortical mineralization of long bones was studied in collagen alpha2(I)-deficient mice (oim) used as a model for human osteogenesis imperfecta. Aspects of the age development of the mice were characterized by combining nanometer- to micrometer-scale…

Introduction. In a time of emergency department overcrowding and increased utilization of emergency medical services, a highly functional prehospital system will balance the needs of the individual patient with the global needs of the community. Our…

INTRODUCTION: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) provides lasting relief of spasticity for children suffering from cerebral palsy, although controlling postoperative pain is challenging. Postoperatively, escalation of therapies to include a …

Introduction: Humidity is commonly associated with increased airway hyperresponsiveness in asthma. Objective: To examine mold sensitization in patients with allergic asthma or allergic rhinitis and self-reports of humidity as exacerbating factors of…

Background Lipid-laden macrophage (LLM) index could be potentially useful in assessing gastroesophageal (GE) reflux and aspiration after lung transplantation (LT) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods A retrospective review of CF patients…

Upper femoral varus osteotomy of the proximal femur without rotation has been the surgical treatment of choice by the senior author (D.S.W) in 124 cases of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. There have been no previous studies documenting the nature of the…

The present study discusses in detail the osteological changes associated with sickle cell anemia in children and their importance in differential diagnosis. Posterior calcaneal and specific articular surface disruptive metacarpal lesions are…

BACKGROUND: Few studies exist examining the frequency of primary headache in children with celiac disease and the impact of a gluten-free diet on primary headache symptomology. This study explores characteristics and frequency of headaches in…

The objective of this study was to compare elastic intramedullary nailing (EIN) with dynamic skeletal traction spica casting (DSTSC) in terms of postoperative radiographic angulations, length of hospital stay, and cost in a resource-limited setting.…

BackgroundStreptococcus pyogenes causes pharyngitis, tonsillitis, cellulitis, and less frequently other clinical syndromes. It is infrequently included in the differential diagnosis of other infectious illnesses. Methods We reviewed the medical…

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a common pediatric behavioral disorder associated with male preponderance and reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). However, lack of an appropriate animal model exhibiting appropriate…

Although cholelithiasis is uncommon in children, its laparoscopic treatment has progressively become more popular among pediatric surgeons. This is due in part to the fact that compared with the open technique, laparoscopic treatment is less invasive…

Seventy-three patients with hematological cancers undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were evaluated for event-free survival (EFS) and toxicity, All received 36 g/m(2) cytosine arabinoside (HDA) and 1200 cGy fractionated total…

Urinary stone disease (USD) is affecting a greater number of children and low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased skeletal fractures have been demonstrated in stone patients; however, the mechanism(s) driving bone disease remain unclear. This…

The epidemiologic association between acetaminophen use and asthma prevalence and severity in children and adults is well established. A variety of observations suggest that acetaminophen use has contributed to the recent increase in asthma…

Objective: To describe what is to our knowledge the first reported case of lead poisoning from ingested fishing sinkers in an 8-year-old boy for whom whole bowel irrigation and colonoscopy were required. Literature Review: All relevant literature on…

This document by the SAEM Public Health and Education Committee outlines the public health impact of interpersonal violence as it pertains to acute emergency care. This paper provides an overview of violence through the life cycle (i.e., child abuse,…

Current treatment of noncompliant neurogenic bladder associated with significant vesicoureteral reflux that is refractory to intermittent self-catheterization and anticholinergic therapy includes bladder augmentation coupled with a procedure to…

Objective To examine how parental responses following pediatric injury may influence their child's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Methods Heart rate (HR) from 82 pediatric injury patients was measured during emergency medical services (EMSs)…

The approach to inguinal hernia in the pediatric population has historically been via an open technique. Over the last decade there have been numerous reports and descriptions of laparoscopic techniques to repair inguinal hernias in this population.…

Objective To longitudinally examine the impact of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) on child adjustment following a child's traumatic injury, focusing on child gender differences. Methods Forty-one child traumatic injury victims…
Output Formats

atom, dcmes-xml, json, omeka-xml, rss2