Browse Items (53 total)

BACKGROUND: Few studies exist examining the frequency of primary headache in children with celiac disease and the impact of a gluten-free diet on primary headache symptomology. This study explores characteristics and frequency of headaches in…

This study examined the relationship between acute cortisol responses to trauma and subsequent PTSD symptoms (PTSS) in children and their biological mothers. Urinary cortisol levels were assessed in 54 children aged 8–18 upon admission to a level-1…

At least 1 episode of acute otitis media is seen in 94% of children before age 2. Attendance in a day-care setting is among the major risk factors. Middle ear fluid may be sterile or may grow viruses and/or bacteria. Accurate diagnosis and…

Cortical mineralization of long bones was studied in collagen alpha2(I)-deficient mice (oim) used as a model for human osteogenesis imperfecta. Aspects of the age development of the mice were characterized by combining nanometer- to micrometer-scale…

This document by the SAEM Public Health and Education Committee outlines the public health impact of interpersonal violence as it pertains to acute emergency care. This paper provides an overview of violence through the life cycle (i.e., child abuse,…

The morbidity and mortality of adult and pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) populations are mainly driven by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Improving CVD outcomes focuses on risk assessment of factors including…

Current treatment of noncompliant neurogenic bladder associated with significant vesicoureteral reflux that is refractory to intermittent self-catheterization and anticholinergic therapy includes bladder augmentation coupled with a procedure to…

Urinary stone disease (USD) is affecting a greater number of children and low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased skeletal fractures have been demonstrated in stone patients; however, the mechanism(s) driving bone disease remain unclear. This…

Objective To longitudinally examine the impact of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) on child adjustment following a child's traumatic injury, focusing on child gender differences. Methods Forty-one child traumatic injury victims…

Introduction: Despite appendicitis being one of the most common surgical emergencies in the pediatric population, there is still a great deal of debate among pediatric surgeons regarding the workup and treatment. Materials and Methods: In an…

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a common pediatric behavioral disorder associated with male preponderance and reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). However, lack of an appropriate animal model exhibiting appropriate…

The objective of this study was to compare elastic intramedullary nailing (EIN) with dynamic skeletal traction spica casting (DSTSC) in terms of postoperative radiographic angulations, length of hospital stay, and cost in a resource-limited setting.…

The ability to detect a silent gap within a sound is critical for accurate speech perception, and gap detection has been shown to have an extended developmental trajectory. In certain conditions, the detectability of the gap decreases as the gap is…

In adults with chronic liver diseases, ultrasound and magnetic resonance shear wave elastography (SWE) can replace liver biopsy in several clinical scenarios. Several guidelines on the use of ultrasound SWE for the adult population have been…

BACKGROUND. Nonpharmacologic interventions, such as distraction, have been shown to be powerful adjuncts in reducing pain and anxiety in children with both acute and chronic painful conditions. There are no controlled studies evaluating these…

Theory and research suggest that children develop orientations toward work appreciably influenced by their family members' own expressed work experiences and emotions. Cross-sectional data from 100 children (53 girls, 47 boys; mean age = 11.1 years)…

Purpose. To determine whether treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency (CI) has an effect on Academic Behavior Survey (ABS) scores. Methods. The ABS is a six-item survey developed by the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Group that…

Objective: To describe what is to our knowledge the first reported case of lead poisoning from ingested fishing sinkers in an 8-year-old boy for whom whole bowel irrigation and colonoscopy were required. Literature Review: All relevant literature on…

Although cholelithiasis is uncommon in children, its laparoscopic treatment has progressively become more popular among pediatric surgeons. This is due in part to the fact that compared with the open technique, laparoscopic treatment is less invasive…

Noninvasive ventilation has been used extensively to treat chronic respiratory failure associated with neuromuscular and other restrictive thoracic diseases, and is also effective in the treatment of acute respiratory failure, allowing some patients…

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive condition. Individuals with OCA lack melanin and therefore are susceptible to the harmful effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, including extreme sun sensitivity,…

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over…

Introduction. In a time of emergency department overcrowding and increased utilization of emergency medical services, a highly functional prehospital system will balance the needs of the individual patient with the global needs of the community. Our…

Objective To examine how parental responses following pediatric injury may influence their child's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Methods Heart rate (HR) from 82 pediatric injury patients was measured during emergency medical services (EMSs)…

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is considered the most appropriate initial imaging study in the evaluation of acute appendicitis in children but has recently come under criticism with reports of low specificity and high indeterminate study rates,…

INTRODUCTION: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) provides lasting relief of spasticity for children suffering from cerebral palsy, although controlling postoperative pain is challenging. Postoperatively, escalation of therapies to include a …

The present study discusses in detail the osteological changes associated with sickle cell anemia in children and their importance in differential diagnosis. Posterior calcaneal and specific articular surface disruptive metacarpal lesions are…

Background Lipid-laden macrophage (LLM) index could be potentially useful in assessing gastroesophageal (GE) reflux and aspiration after lung transplantation (LT) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods A retrospective review of CF patients…

Upper femoral varus osteotomy of the proximal femur without rotation has been the surgical treatment of choice by the senior author (D.S.W) in 124 cases of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. There have been no previous studies documenting the nature of the…
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