Browse Items (232 total)

Purpose: Radical nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy is considered standard of care in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Surgical ligation and interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC), however, is sometimes necessary when the tumor…

Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease in which the retinal ganglion cell axons of the optic nerve degenerate concomitant with synaptic changes in the retina, leading finally to death of the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Electrical stimulation has…

Transient potential receptor vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is an ion channel responsible for sensing osmotic and mechanical signals, which in turn regulates calcium signaling across cell membranes. TRPV4 is widely expressed throughout the body, and plays an…

As the number of patients with diabetes continues to grow, complications of diabetes have likewise increased. Specifically, diabetic foot ulcers have become a massive burden to both the diabetic patient population and national healthcare systems.…

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is characterized by persistent clonal expansion of adult hematopoietic stem cells, which has been increasingly found to be associated with cardiovascular disease and adverse outcomes in heart…

Plummer_MA-Thesis_09.21.2020.pdf
Mental illness has been a subject of fictional film since the early 20th century and continues to be a popular trope in mainstream movies. Portrayals of affected individuals in movies tend to be inaccurate and largely stigmatizing, negatively…

As the number of patients with diabetes continues to grow, complications of diabetes have likewise increased. Specifically, diabetic foot ulcers have become a massive burden to both the diabetic patient population and national healthcare systems.…

Fournier's gangrene is a life-threatening type of necrotizing fasciitis associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The patient is a 29-year-old incarcerated male who presented to the ED with left-sided scrotal crepitus extending into the…

OBJECTIVE: Obesity and preeclampsia in pregnant women are each independently associated with poorer neonatal outcomes. We study obesity and preeclampsia alone and also in combination in pregnant women to determine their association with neonatal…

This article considers 3 reasons for derogatory humor in clinical settings and argues that when such humor is directed at patients without understanding their complex histories, it can diminish the therapeutic relationship rather than serve as a…

Metastatic salivary gland tumors are rare clinical entities of the head and neck. Parotid gland carcinoma with distant metastases heralds a poor prognosis with a median survival of 4.3-7.3 months. The lungs, long bones, liver and brain are the …

PURPOSE: Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a leading cause of vision loss in diabetics. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment option for DME, although the injections are costly and require…

PURPOSE: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic affecting hospital systems and the availability of resources for surgical procedures. Our aim is to provide guidance for urologists to help prioritize urologic cancer surgeries. …

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between postoperative hyperglycemia and surgical site infection among patients who underwent primary instrumented spinal fusion surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected data on all eligible patients …

INTRODUCTION: The pediatric kidney is the most common urinary tract organ injured in blunt abdominal trauma. Trauma care in the United States has been established into a hierarchical system verified by the American College of Surgeons (ACS).…

Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the pediatric population is a relatively common phenomenon. Specifically, AKI has been found in increasing numbers within the pediatric population following cardiac surgery, with up to 43% of pediatric patients …

Introduction: Hemolyzed emergency department (ED) blood specimens impose substantial burdens on various aspects of delivering care. The ED has the highest incidence of hemolysis among hospital departments. This study assessed the association and…

Purpose of Review
Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is characterized by persistent clonal expansion of adult hematopoietic stem cells, which has been increasingly found to be associated with cardiovascular disease and adverse…

Adult day care (ADC) centers provide community-based care (including meals) to frail, ethnically diverse older adults, many of whom are at risk for malnutrition. To support the development of interventions to benefit ADC users, the authors aimed to…

BACKGROUND: mir-RNAs play a role in regulating bone homeostasis. In this study we assessed the functional role of mir-RNA 150 in bone homeostasis. We also assess the effects of miR-150 deficiency on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation and…

ABSTRACT: Meropenem is a β-lactam antibiotic from the carbapenem class that has been one of the most effective drugs in treating some of the most serious infections in hospitalized patients. Because of its unique β-lactam structure, it has a wide…

Objective: To review the currently available data on the use of ketamine in the treatment of depression among older adults from randomized controlled studies.; Design: Randomized controlled trials.; Setting: Variable.; Participants: 60 years and…

The ability to detect a silent gap within a sound is critical for accurate speech perception, and gap detection has been shown to have an extended developmental trajectory. In certain conditions, the detectability of the gap decreases as the gap is…

Although solitary plasmacytomas may occasionally present as collar bone swellings or fractures, multiple myeloma involving clavicle is extremely rare. Ten to forty per cent of multiple myeloma cases are asymptomatic and are incidental diagnoses. Our…

Asthma is characterized by pathological airway remodeling resulting from persistent myofibroblast activation. Although transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1), mechanical signals, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in fibroblast…

OBJECTIVE To assess the current practice of routine preoperative testing before urethroplasty and to determine if the results are clinically significant. METHODS Data was obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP)…

Movements of the hyoid and thyroid are critical for feeding. These structures are often assumed to move in synchrony, despite evidence that neurologically compromised populations exhibit altered kinematics. Preterm infants are widely considered to be…

Initial clinic evaluation among referred patients and factors limiting treatment initiation are not well characterized. We conducted a retrospective review of referrals to our outpatient pain clinic to identify intake visits and factors associated…

Arboreal environments present considerable biomechanical challenges for animals moving and foraging among substrates varying in diameter, orientation, and compliance. Most studies of quadrupedal gait kinematics in primates and other arboreal mammals…

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal body dissatisfaction and mother's (mis)perception of their infant's weight classification among families from low-income households. METHODS: Mother-infant dyads were recruited during well-child…

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