Browse Items (423 total)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of nuclear scintigraphy for the diagnosis and localization of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and to determine whether nuclear scintigraphy accurately predicts the results of angiography.…

The surface epithelium of 28 gallbladders removed during elective cholecystectomies and pathology collection was studied ultrastructurally. Focusing on 10 of the 28 cases that were diagnosed as cholecystitis, we found that the epithelium displayed…

The Angelchik prosthesis is a silicone-filled, doughnut-shaped device used for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux. This device appears on sonograms as a C-shaped, hypoechoic structure with nonspecific Doppler waveforms. Because the…

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the foramina of the cribriform plate which transmit cranial nerve I decrease in size with age, but this finding has never been supported with quantitative data. It has also been observed that olfactory function…

Body donation files from the Department of Anatomy at Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine were reviewed from the 569 donors used in our program from 1978-1993. The data were entered into a computerized database to evaluate the…

Information derived from application files of potential cadaveric donors to our body donation program from the period of 1978-1993 was entered into a customized database to assess the characteristics of people contributing to such a program. A total…

BACKGROUND: A causal relationship between antigenic conditions and multiple myeloma was suggested by case reports. Although controlled studies identified associations with individual conditions, they failed to give overall support to the hypothesis.…

This study examined the validity and reliability of full and short versions of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS). One hundred fifty-five patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis followed at a University Hospital Rheumatology Clinic completed…

According to 1992 Cancer Statistics, prostate carcinoma is once again predicted to be the most common cancer in men, exceeding the incidence of lung cancer. In American men, this cancer is estimated to be the second most frequent cause of cancer…

OBJECTIVE: Metformin is the first-line oral type 2 diabetes treatment. Despite an abundance of evidence, metformin is routinely underused. This study evaluated the rates of metformin use in an appropriate outpatient type 2 diabetes population and…

We conducted post-mortem examinations on 12 patients who had documented metastatic carcinoma to the spine with attendant neurologic complications. The examinations were studied to determine the location of the metastatic lesion in relation to the…

The basis of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair (LTPR) of herniae rests upon the utilization of a prosthetic screen to cover hernia defects. Preperitoneal prosthetic screen interposition reproduces the effect of the inguinal shutter…

We studied the ability of internal medicine residents to recognize depressive symptoms in a population of lower socio-economic primary care patients. Four hundred twenty patients completed the short form of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).…

A rare occurrence of primary adenocarcinoma arising in an interposed colon nearly seven years after the surgery is described. Remarkably, there were no symptoms from a large mass in the transposed bowel. Diagnosis was made fortuitously while…

The management of fecal incontinence is a struggle to maintain patient hygiene and limit the transmission of nosocomial infections. Intrarectal devices that cause diversion and collection of the fecal stream have been used with increasing frequency.…

BACKGROUND: Appendicitis in elderly patients is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Early and correct diagnosis together with minimally invasive surgery can lead to more favorable outcomes than occurred in the prelaparoscopic era.…

At present, there are no studies that have established a microRNA (miRNA)-based signature profile in patients with radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (rad-axial SpA), and we hypothesized that these patients may have aberrantly expressed circulating…

Splenic injury following colonoscopy is extremely rare. We report a 75-year-old woman and a 35-year-old woman who presented to the emergency room with left upper quadrant and left shoulder pain following colonoscopy. Both patients were diagnosed by…

This case series describes the caudate body (CB) sign noted in computed tomography (CT) scans of patients who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) clinically manifesting symptoms suggestive of anterior cerebral circulation infarction. This sign…

Brain metastases (BM) are one of the most common types of brain tumors and are a relatively common event in the disease process for several high-incidence cancer types, including breast and lung cancers. Historically, information on metastases…

PURPOSE: The EORTC QLQ-C30 and the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) are validated tools for measuring quality of life (QOL) and the impact of pain in patients with advanced cancer. Interpretation of these instrument scores can be challenging and it is…

Necrotizing fasciitis due to Group A streptococcus has been observed with increasing frequency over the past decade. Appropriate management requires rapid recognition of this life-threatening infection and expeditious antimicrobial therapy as well as…

This trial was conducted at 11 EDs to test the effectiveness of distributing fall prevention information to patients 65 years or older. Intervention patients were given 2 brochures and received a reminder call 2 weeks later. All patients were called…

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