Browse Items (423 total)

There are multiple factors that affect the shear wave speed in the assessment of liver stiffness. In this case report, we present a case of hemochromatosis that has elevated liver stiffness suggestive of significant fibrosis or cirrhosis; however on…

This study examined the validity and reliability of full and short versions of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS). One hundred fifty-five patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis followed at a University Hospital Rheumatology Clinic completed…

BACKGROUND: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) informs a wide range of important policy and clinical decisions by providing nationally representative data about outpatient practice. However, the validity of the NAMCS methods has not…

BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a potential trichologic emergency that can result in permanent scarring alopecia. Histopathology is a key component of the diagnostic work-up. OBJECTIVE: To identify the key histologic features that…

Historically, appendicitis in the elderly is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Ninety-six patients over 60 years of age with appendicitis treated over a 10-year period were reviewed. Only 20% presented classically with anorexia, fever,…

OBJECTIVES: The Research Agenda Setting Process (RASP), part of the American Geriatric Society's (AGS's) project "Increasing Geriatric Expertise in Surgical and Related Medical Specialties," was designed to define a research agenda for the geriatrics…

OBJECTIVES: The Research Agenda Setting Process (RASP), part of the American Geriatric Society's (AGS's) project 'Increasing Geriatric Expertise in Surgical and Related Medical Specialties,' was designed to define a research agenda for the geriatrics…

BACKGROUND: Conventional wisdom holds that the elderly living in rural areas suffer poor health and have limited access to health care compared with their urban peers. The relation between poor health and limited access, however, has yet to be…

OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of nuclear scintigraphy for the diagnosis and localization of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and to determine whether nuclear scintigraphy accurately predicts the results of angiography.…

The interpretation of acid-base data can be greatly facilitated by applying five rules: (1) use the blood gas to identify acidemia or alkalemia, (2) determine whether the underlying cause of acidemia or alkalemia is respiratory or metabolic, (3)…

Thorough investigation of complex cases of acid-base disturbances indudes verification of pH, determination of respiratory and metabolic components, calculation of the anion gap, assessment of the degree of compensation; and analysis of the…

A rare occurrence of primary adenocarcinoma arising in an interposed colon nearly seven years after the surgery is described. Remarkably, there were no symptoms from a large mass in the transposed bowel. Diagnosis was made fortuitously while…

Adult epiglottitis (or "supraglottitis") is an uncommon but increasingly recognized entity. Though prior studies emphasized the fulminant nature of the disease, recent evidence suggests that epiglottitis in adults may follow a relatively less severe…

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the foramina of the cribriform plate which transmit cranial nerve I decrease in size with age, but this finding has never been supported with quantitative data. It has also been observed that olfactory function…

Dendritic cells (DCs) are major antigen-presenting cells that play a key role in initiating and regulating innate and adaptive immune responses. DCs are critical mediators of tolerance and immunity. The functional properties of DCs decline with age.…

This article reviews the significance of altered mental status in older emergency department patients. Specific diagnoses are discussed, including delirium, stupor and coma, and dementia, with a focus on delirium. Finally, an approach to all older…

This article reviews the significance of altered mental status in older emergency department patients. Specific diagnoses are discussed, including delirium, stupor and coma, and dementia, with a focus on delirium. Finally, an approach to all older…

Normal aging is associated with cardiac, vascular, and pulmonary adaptations that significantly affect the individual's ability to maintain homeostasis. To understand the changes associated with aging, we developed a laboratory exercise that compares…

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