Browse Items (313 total)

Cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) protect the host by clearing effete and foreign particulates from the circulation. The current study was designed to identify, quantify, harvest, and provide a partial functional characterization of the…

UNLABELLED: Bile acid synthesis in the liver is regulated by the rate-limiting enzyme cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1). Transcription of the CYP7A1 gene is inhibited by bile acids and cytokines. The rate of bile acid synthesis is reduced…

UNLABELLED: Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the bile acid biosynthetic pathway that converts cholesterol into bile acids in the liver. Recent studies have shown that bile acids may play an important role in…

UNLABELLED: Activation of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) markedly attenuates development of atherosclerosis in animal models. However, the underlying mechanism is not well elucidated. Here, we show that the FXR agonist, obeticholic acid (OCA), increases…

Nuclear receptors farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and small heterodimer partner (SHP) are important regulators of bile acid, lipid, and glucose homeostasis. Here, we show that global Fxr (-/-) Shp(-/-) double knockout (DKO) mice are refractory to weight…

Bile acids activate farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and G protein-coupled bile acid receptor-1 (aka Takeda G protein-coupled receptor-5 [TGR5]) to regulate bile acid metabolism and glucose and insulin sensitivity. FXR and TGR5 are coexpressed in the…

Activation of the nuclear bile acid receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) protects against hepatic inflammation and injury, while Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) promotes adipose tissue browning and energy metabolism. Here, we examined the…

This study investigated the role of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) in enhancing CYP2E1 and other P450 proteins in extracellular vesicles (EVs) from alcohol-exposed rodents and human patients with alcoholism and their effects on…

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a master regulator for white adipocyte differentiation and lipid storage. The increased level of hepatic PPARgamma2 isoform reprograms liver for lipid storage and causes abnormal fat…

Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) is a major risk factor for cirrhosis-associated liver diseases. Studies demonstrate that alcohol increases serum bile acids in humans and rodents. AFLD has been linked to cholestasis, although the physiologic…

Transplantation of adult stem cells into myocardial tissue after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), has been shown to improve tissue recovery and prevent progression to ischemic cardiomyopathy. Studies suggest that the effects of mesenchymal stem…

Diabetes is a risk factor for worse outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that SDF-1:CXCR4 expression is compromised in post-AMI in diabetes, and that reversal of this defect can reverse the…

The activity of the rat CYP7A/luciferase reporter gene was increased five-fold by all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) or 9-cis retinoic acid (9cRA) in transient transfection assay in HepG2 cells. Cotransfection with retinoid X receptor (RXR) stimulated…

The human CYP4F2 gene encodes a LTB4 omega-hydroxylase P450 prominently expressed in liver and kidney that functions to metabolize and inactivate the pro-inflammatory eicosanoids, LTB4 and arachidonic acid. HepG2 cells transfected with CYP4F2 -506/-6…

The human cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7) spans about 11 kb of the genome and contains six exons and five introns. Nucleotide sequences of a 5'-upstream region to exon III (5535 bp), a 5'-upstream EcoRI fragment (2575 bp), and an EcoRI…

Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 18 DNA was found in an aggressively invasive adenocarcinoma tumor from a woman who had an intact hymen and denied any prior sexual intercourse. The viral DNA was detected within the tumor tissue by polymerase chain…

Deep tissue wound healing requires a complex sequence of several factors working in unison to repair the organ at risk. Myocardial infarction (MI) is particularly complex due to several local and systemic factors mediating the repair process within…
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