Browse Items (1071 total)

Male mice treated with MPTP or vehicle were tested for their ability to demonstrate a memory-recognition response as evaluated in a habituation-dishabituation task. Treatment with MPTP severely disrupted the male's habituation-dishabituation response…

Male retired breeder C57/Bl and CD-1 mice were treated with either MPTP or its vehicle. At 7-10 days post-treatment, catecholamine concentrations within the olfactory bulbs (OB) and hypothalamus were determined. Norepinephrine concentrations within…

The characteristics of two clinical isolates of HSV-1 obtained from an oral (424) and an anal (490) lesion were compared with the highly passaged KOS strain. In contrast to KOS, the clinical isolates produced small plaques, were more cell-associated…

The response of primary somatosensory cortex (SI) to cutaneous stimulation of the hand was studied in one unanesthetized monkey to examine more closely the previously reported dependence of a behaviorally relevant late component of the evoked…

The in vitro rodent visual cortical slice preparation demonstrates a critical period for long-term potentiation (LTP). Current source density (CSD) analysis reveals peak potentiation of both supra-(layers II-III) and infragranular (layers V) layers…

Despite documentation of various types of neoplastic pathologies encountered in the vertebrate fossil record, no ameloblastic tumours have been recognised so far. Ameloblastoma is a benign neoplasic tumour with a strong preponderance for the…

Responses of neurons to binaural, harmonic complex stimuli in urethane-anesthetized guinea pig inferior colliculus (IC) are reported. To assess the binaural integration of harmonicity cues for sound segregation and grouping, responses were measured…

1. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were chronically tested with intrathecal (i.t.) receptor selective opioid antagonists to determine if antinociceptive supersensitivity developed to selective i.t. opioid receptor agonists. 2. A subcutaneously implanted…

This article is part of a study on cortical microcircuitry in which flash evoked potentials (FEPs) were recorded from the anesthetized rat visual cortex. The FEPs were subjected to current source density analysis (CSD). One of the limitations of the…

A slight modification in the method used to remove the top keratinized layer of skin in the epidermal scarification model of HSV infection results in an easier, less painful, more uniform and reproducible means of infection. The back of mice was…

The neurochemical heterogeneity of the rat striatum was assessed in vivo by measuring subregional changes in extracellular dopamine and DOPAC by in vivo electrochemistry and microdialysis in response to amphetamine and the D2 antagonist,…

It has always been difficult to account for the evolution of certain human characters such as language, empathy, and altruism via individual reproductive success. However, the striatum, a subcortical region originally thought to be exclusively motor,…

BACKGROUND: The lake deposits of the informal Ruby Paper Shale unit, part of the Renova Formation of Montana, have yielded abundant plant fossils that document Late Eocene - Early Oligocene global cooling in western North America. A nearly complete…

Prolonged or repeated activation of many G protein-coupled receptors induces rapid desensitization followed by a period during which receptors are resensitized. In this study, concanavalin A (Con A) and monensin were used to investigate the…

The establishment of a publicly-accessible repository of physiological data on feeding in mammals, the Feeding Experiments End-user Database (FEED), along with improvements in reconstruction of mammalian phylogeny, significantly improves our ability…

The architectural arrangement of the fibers within a muscle has a significant impact on how a muscle functions. Recent work on primate jaw-muscle architecture demonstrates significant associations with dietary variation and feeding behaviors. In this…

A rapid microassay is described for the measurement of biogenic amines using an isocratic HPLC system with electrochemical detection. Catecholamines, indoleamines and their major metabolites were extracted with 150 microliters of perchloric acid from…

In rats, restraint exposure potentiates the magnitude and duration of analgesia following both the peripheral and intracerebroventricular administration of several opioid agonists as compared to non-stressed controls. It has been suggested that the…

Due to the curved path they follow, the visual callosal projections to areas OC1 and OC2 of the rat visual cortex have been inaccessible to studies using brain slices. In this paper we describe a new slice preparation in which a curved cutting blade…

This study was designed to determine the influence of the hypothalamus on the content of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the anterior pituitary. Disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary connection was performed by ablating the arcuate-median…

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are key transducers for signal transfer from outside the cell, mediating signals emanating from cell-surface G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR). Many, if not all, subtypes of heterotrimeric G-proteins are also regulated by…

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